A computer virus cripples Apple's chip-maker TSMC knocking off its shipment targets

We have gotten used to storing everything digitally these days. Vacation photos, work documents, and even personal details rest safely in storage devices. Storage devices themselves are getting more affordable and reliable. You can get terabytes of storage space for almost nothing, giving you the ability to store an infinite number of files.

Still, the reliability of storage devices has its limits. While hard drives, flash drives, and SSDs don’t fail as often as they used to, you have to take hardware failure as a risk to mitigate. There are also risks associated with data loss due to malware or hacks. Can lost files be recovered? How does data recovery work? Let’s find out.

What Is Data Recovery?

In simple terms, data recovery is the process of restoring damaged or lost files to their original, accessible state. You can perform your own data recovery using tools specifically designed to dig up deleted or lost files from hard drives or have experts handle the process for you.

The latter is usually reserved to when DIY recovery is no longer possible. When the drive itself fails, for instance, recovery software designed for home users may not be enough. You have to have the physical drive restored before files can be recovered.

Data recovery is becoming more advanced. There are fewer instances when data recovery is not possible now that the technologies around the process have evolved so much. Professional recovery service provider Secure Data Recovery can restore files under even the most difficult situations.

Causes of Data Loss

Before the recovery process can be started, one of the things you have to understand is the cause of data loss. Different scenarios require different handling. When the files are accidentally deleted, you want to make sure that no new files are written to the drive until recovery is attempted.

The same is true for when the drive gets accidentally formatted. Not using the drive to store new files increases the chances of safely recovery lost files. There is a reason behind this too.

Hard drives don’t empty their sectors immediately when they are formatted or when files are deleted. They simply mark those sectors – or an entire cluster – available for use. When new files are written, those sectors are filled with new data.

Technically, sectors that haven’t been refilled can still be recovered. The same is true for clusters and entire drives. With recovery technology getting more advanced, more difficult recovery can be attempted as well.

Prevention Is Still Key

While you can recover files from most situations, having complete backups and maintaining a diligent backup routine are still better. You want to have multiple backups of essential files so that you can restore them in the event of a loss or a disaster.

In emergency situations, however, you have service providers like Secure Data Recovery ready to assist you. If you are not sure about how to recover your files or if specific measures are needed to successfully get your files back, it is best to leave data recovery to the professionals.

Technical writer with relevant experience of one year, Rishabh has co-founded TeCake.com. He has written several reviews, latest technology news articles and high-level documentation. You can contact Rishabh at rishabh[at]tecake.com

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