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NASA Kepler Space Telescope finds Earth-like Exoplanet in Habitable Zone

Although NASA’s Kepler mission ran out of fuel back in 2018 and the spacecraft went to sleep, but still scientists are scrutinizing its data. Kepler Space Telescope has led to many discoveries and helped astronomers and researchers in peeking different parts of world specially outside our solar system. During its hunt for exoplanets, Kepler has unraveled several remarkable habitable planets.

While studying the data obtained by Kepler telescope, scientists have found another exoplanet. Named as Kepler-1649c, the exoplanet is nearly the size of Earth and is located nearly 300 light-years from Earth. NASA described it as the “most similar to Earth in size and estimated temperature” out of the thousands of exoplanets discovered by Kepler. The planet is located in its star’s habitable zone, a region where it’s possible for liquid water to exist.

This newly exposed globe is just 1.06 times larger than our own earth. Additionally, the quantity of starlight it receives from its host star is 75% of the quantity of light Earth receives from our Sunlight– meaning the exoplanet’s temperature may resemble our planet’s, as well. But unlike Planet, it orbits a red dwarf. Though none have actually been observed in this system, this type of star is understood for outstanding flare-ups that might make an earth’s atmosphere challenging for any kind of prospective life.

” This interesting, distant globe provides us even higher hope that a 2nd Earth lies among the celebrities, waiting to be located,” stated Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. “The information gathered by missions like Kepler and also our Transiting Exoplanet Study Satellite (TESS) will remain to yield incredible discoveries as the science community improves its capabilities to search for promising worlds every year.”

Kepler-1649c orbits its small red dwarf star so carefully that a year on Kepler-1649c amounts just 19.5 Planet days. The system has one more rough earth of regarding the same size, but it orbits the star at regarding halfway of Kepler-1649c, similar to how Venus orbits our Sun at concerning half the distance that Earth does. Red dwarf celebrities are amongst the most usual in the galaxy, suggesting planets such as this one could be more usual than we formerly assumed.

A Possible Third Planet

Kepler-1649c not only is among the most effective suits to Earth in terms of size as well as energy received from its star, yet it provides a completely face-lift at its house system. For every single nine times the external world in the system orbits the host celebrity, the inner planet orbits almost precisely four times. The truth that their orbits match up in such a stable ratio indicates the system itself is exceptionally steady, and likely to endure for a long time.

Previously, the citizen scientists had discovered a new star system that is orbited by five planets. This discovery of five new exoplanets by citizen scientists was confirmed by the scientists of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US as well as the CALTECH in Pasadena. The five exoplanets are orbiting a far-off sun-like star called K2-138 which is situated almost 620 light years away from Earth in the constellation Aquarius.

As per the data collected by NASA’s Kepler telescope, these five planets are called as super-Earth as their sizes range between 1.6 and 3.3 times the radius of Earth. All these five planets are orbiting their parent star in a resonance chain, which is unique. Since 2009, the Kepler telescope under the K2 mission is looking at sun-like star systems beyond our solar system that harbor Earth-like planets. A research team led by Dr. Jesse Christiansen, from Caltech in Pasadena, carried out the latest research whose results were revealed at the 231st American Astronomical Society meeting in National Harbour.

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