Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of United Nations has called on all countries to work to bring the entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) ASAP.
According to Xinhua news agency, the legally binding CTBT is a multilateral treaty by which states agree to ban all nuclear explosions, which was open for signature in 1996, for both civilian and military purposes.
Ban stated in a message to the International Day against Nuclear Tests that the CTBT has yet to enter into force since its adoption 20 years ago.
Ban said a prohibition on all nuclear testing will boost momentum for other disarmament measures and it will build confidence for other regional security measures, including a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction.
The International Day against Nuclear Tests was declared on August 29 in 2009 by UN General Assembly, calling for increasing awareness about the effects of nuclear weapon test explosions and the need for their cessation as one of the means to achieve the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world.
Ban Ki-moon is a South Korean statesman and politician who is the eighth and current Secretary-General of the United Nations. Before becoming Secretary-General, Ban was a career diplomat in South Korea’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and in the United Nations. He entered diplomatic service the year he graduated from university, accepting his first post in New Delhi, India.
Ban was the foreign minister of South Korea from January 2004 to November 2006. In February 2006 he began to campaign for the office of Secretary-General. Ban was initially considered to be a long shot for the office. As foreign minister of South Korea, however, he was able to travel to all the countries on the United Nations Security Council, a maneuver that turned him into the campaign’s front runner.