After the success of Mangalyaan mission, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to send second Mars Orbiter to the Red Planet which will give new insights of Martian surface and atmosphere. As per the reports, the Indian Space agency is seeking permissions to conduct the second Mars Orbiter Mission.
Previously, India and France inked an agreement that said both the nations will together develop a probe which will be sent to the red planet in search of life and water. The reports came after the French President Francois Hollande visited India as the chief guest on the occasion of Republic Day. During his two-day visit, he met PM Modi and tried to start a new friendship in the field of space technology.
Both the leaders of the country signed 16 agreements. Among 16 agreements, one agreement was a letter of intent that says, CNES and ISRO will join hands together to build a Mars lander by 2020
The Mangalyaan mission was launched by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) under the presence the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 5 November 2013 and the orbiter entered in the orbit nearly after nine months of journey on 24 September, 2014. With the Mangalyaan mission, India became the first country in the world to send a probe on Mars in its very first attempt. European, American and Russian probes have managed to orbit or land on the planet, but after several attempts.
Ironically, ISRO and NASA both started Mars mission almost at the same time, however, costing at nearly $70 million, ISRO’s MOM was 10 times cheaper than the NASA’s mission.
ISRO scientists managed MOM’s fuel so well that after completing its tenure of six months, the orbiter was left with 37 kgs of fuel that is sufficient to survive another six months in the red planet’s orbit.
The prime objective of the mission was to collect the data from Mars and send it on earth for analysis. The probe has already sent some very beautiful and mind blowing pictures of the Martian surface and its weather patterns such as dust storms. Four major sensors on the probe Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM), Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP), Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA) and Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS), have done a great job in providing information on methane abundance, ratio of hydrogen and deuterium, composition of the Martian surface, etc.
Recently, MOM completed its first revolution around Mars in two years as one Martian year is equivalent to two years on Earth. The historic spacecraft that also won the prestigious Space Pioneer Award 2015 has sent enormous data with some key finds. However, the new probe will be much more powerful and it will be equipped with more sophisticated instruments to capture data with precision. ISRO will use GSLV to lift up Mangalyaan-2 mission as it will enable Indian space agency to send much heavier payload.