Ohio State University recently announced that the researchers have found a pig virus named Porcine Deltacoronavirus. The virus can easily find its way in the cultured cells of people and other species in the laboratory. It is a discovery that has tremendously raised the level of concern for the outbreaks that can become the potential threat to both humans and animals.
The virus, Porcine Deltacoronavirus was first examined in the year 2012 in pigs, China but the virus did not link to any spreading to humans or other animals. Later, in the year 2014, when there was a diarrhea outbreak in the US in Ohio pigs, it was detected and later was identified in a number of other countries. The scientists and researchers in the Ohio State University and Utrecht University in the Netherlands came together to understand the research and the new studies on the virus and find the potential outcomes. The Journal PNAS published the first study and the possibilities of the Virus online between the different species.
Before it got identified in the pigs, it was found in numerous birds, says Linda Saif, an investigator in the Ohio State’s Food Animal Health Research Program, at the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster. She believes that the emerging coronaviruses in across the globe can be a subject to worry because it is unknown what it can do to harm the animals and what if it jumps to humans.
The rise in the new virus is certainly a subject of matter for the veterinarians and the public health experts because it’s resemblance to the life-threatening viruses that caused the outbreaks of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome). The young pigs that are infected by the virus experience immense vomiting and acute diarrhea which means that the disease can be considered as fatal. Till date, there has been no documentation filmed of humans being infected with it but there is a possibility of it, researchers say.
The lead researcher, Scott Kenney believes that a receptor is like a lock in the door. If the virus is able to open the lock, it can get into the cell and also infect the host. The study focused on one specific receptor named aminopeptidase N that the researchers believe might be a part of the virus.