In a new find, researchers are shocked to discover the fastest-growing black hole ever in the universe. The giant object is known to be devouring a mass similar to that of the sun in every 2 days. As discovered by the scientists, the object was evolving at the rate of 1 percent in every one million years.
Christian Wolf at the Australian National University (ANU) said that no one has an idea as to how the object grew to be so big so fast in the Universe’s early days. Wolf further added that the research is still going on to hunt for more faster-evolving black holes. The studied black hole reportedly draws off light of large amounts thereby outshining the entire galaxy. Christian Wolf said that this unveiled black hole has been evolving so quickly that it has got the shine which is thousand times brighter than a whole galaxy. Wolf said that the reason is that the large amount of gases it takes in every day causes much heat and friction.
“This black hole is growing so rapidly that it’s shining thousands of times more brightly than an entire galaxy, due to all the gases it sucks in daily that cause lots of friction and heat,” Christian Wolf, an astronomer at the Australian National University and first author on the new research, said in the statement. “If we had this monster sitting at the center of our Milky Way galaxy, it would appear 10 times brighter than a full moon. It would appear as an incredibly bright, pinpoint star that would almost wash out all of the stars in the sky,” he added.
Black holes of such huge size and with such rapid growth are very rare to spot. This black hole in the latest discussion has been spotted by the Gaia satellite of the European Space Agency, which calculated the small motions of the celestial bodies. The finding was ultimately confirmed with the help of a spectrograph in the Siding Spring Observatory of the university. Wolf said that the super-huge black holes could be used like beacons for seeing and studying the evolution of objects in the “early galaxies of the universe” due to their shine.
Wolf said that if the black hole had been located at the central position of the Milky Way galaxy, it would have appeared near about ten times brighter as compared to a full moon. Wolf further added that it would have appeared as an unbelievably bright “pin-point star,” which could wash out nearly every star present in the celestial sphere. The researcher explained that in that case, no human would have been able to witness that pin-point as the X-rays generated from the giant would have destroyed human life.
Hence, it is fortunate for the mankind that the black hole is located far beyond. This even helped in detecting it as the light waves generated from that black hole get red-shifted at the time of their prolonged journey to the Earth. Wolf said that with the expansion of the Universe, space gets expanded, which stretches the waves of light and transforms their color.